Velo Enhancement Program

WB ImageThe RPP Summer Velo Program is specifically designed for pitchers whose main priority is velocity enhancement. Through correcting energy leaks in the delivery, throwing with intent, improving mobility and arm care, as well as becoming more explosive through strength training, pitchers will be given the opportunity to excel to their fullest on the mound. This all in happens in an incredibly motivating environment where friendly competition among their peers pushes them to the fullest.

Upon starting the program, each athlete will receive a movement and pitching assessment that will provide us with the necessary info to give each athlete a customized blueprint for both their throwing and strength and conditioning programs.

There will be 3-5 throwing sessions per week utilizing mechanical re-patterning (if necessary), weighted ball work, long toss, high intent throwing and bullpens towards the final few weeks. On the strength side, 5 days/week of strength training is mandatory with the primary focus on increasing power and improving mobility and soft tissue quality.

All athletes in the program will also receive nutritional guidelines as well as the opportunity to receive manual therapy 2x’s/week. As always, Marc Pro units will be available to every athlete to aid further in recovery after their session.  The following is a summary of the various components of the program:

AnthropometricsMovement and Physical Assessment – Pitchers move in all three planes of motion so their program and assessment should reflect that. The Assessment is an extensive anatomical evaluation of the pitcher’s overall physicality and mobility.  Physical limitations and imbalances, from a strength and mobility standpoint, can have profound effects on a pitcher’s ability to perform at his max potential.  The assessment covers a variety of topics, including:

  • Anthropometrics
  • Mobility / Stability
  • Strength and Power Testing
  • Power/ Force Production Testing
  • Motus Sleeve Testing

The 60-minute evaluation is an important part of program.  Furthermore, we will re-evaluate every 4 weeks and adjust training if necessary to ensure our pitchers retain the necessary mobility and stability.  Please click here if you would like additional information on assessments.

Bio-mechanical Analysis - 2Bio-mechanical / Video Analysis – Every pitcher receives a complete bio-mechanical analysis of their delivery covering a dozen different elements in their mechanics, including among others:

  • Balance Phase
  • Stride Phase
  • Ball Release
  • Arm Action
  • Deceleration

Our 4-camera video system is a state-of-the-art technology that captures delivery from 4 different angles simultaneously and is an invaluable tool, not to mention a big part of how we evaluate a pitcher’s timing and postural disconnects from both a movement and mechanics standpoint. Features include:

  • 4 high speed cameras
  • 4 views: Top view, left side, right side and front side
  • Simultaneous recording from all 4 angles with pitch-by-pitch playback
  • 120 frames per second slow motion playback

Please click here if you would like additional information.

Throwing Program – The Throwing Program is designed to build arm strength, durability and athleticism by gradually exposing your arm to the intensity levels that you will face while creating a higher velocity ceiling.  The program incorporates throwing correctives, precision long toss and weighted balls, along with pitchers specific warm-up and recovery protocols.  It’s designed to be a highly customized and progressive in nature.  While the programming assists in speeding up the arm by adapting to changes in the stimulus, it helps the arm stay connected and maintain command throughout the program.  The following is a summary of the program:

  • After a complete physical and movement assessment and video analysis, the program begins with a 3-week Throwing Correctives protocol with specific daily drills to ingrain new pathways to clean-up any disconnects found as well as improve mechanics and ensure that we aren’t building arm speed on top of mechanical dysfunction. Disconnects may include lower body engagement, arm action, lead leg action, postural alignment and/or decel patterns (click here for additional details).
  • The purpose of the Throwing Correctives is to throw the ball with Intent and “As Hard As Possible” (AHAP) in a controlled and supervised setting.  It is a significant part of how we help to further improve mechanics and increase velocity.  Every pitcher is prescribed specific drills for their specific disconnects.

  • The programming incorporates overload and underload weighted balls. Throwing a weighted ball is not for everyone and only those who have first built a decent foundation of strength are qualified to use them in our throwing programs.  Unlike most weighted ball programs where the intensity of the weighted balls are the same for every pitcher, our dosage is customized for each individual pitcher based on first assessing strength, anatomical maturity and training age (experience).  Throwing overload and underload weighted balls helps remap mechanics and recruit the pitcher’s natural ability to throw harder.
    • WB Button (2)Overload training provides the pitchers with the training effect of increasing resistance and external rotation if necessary while slowing down the deceleration pattern.  Increasing the weight of the implement slows down the arm action and moves the athlete further to the right on the speed-strength continuum. In other words, overload weighted balls comprise a medium between traditional throwing drills and medicine balls/resistance training.
    • Underload training provides the pitcher with the training effect of improving arm speed on the rapid fire end of the spectrum. The pitcher gets the stimulus of throwing a 3 or 4 oz. baseball much faster than he would throwing a regulation 5 oz. baseball. Decreasing the weight of the implement speeds up the arm action and moves the athlete further to the left on the speed-strength continuum.  This creates not only preparation and awareness of how the arm moves in a higher velocity throw, but also improves the capacity in both the underlying musculature as well as the central nervous system.
  • Precision Long Toss – Our precision long toss helps build arm strength, endurance and athleticism. By implementing specific throwing correctives to address decel and mechanics into the program, the athlete stays connected and eliminates just “throwing it out there” by using poor mechanics which can eventually negatively effect command.
  • Our Throwing Program takes warm-up and post-throwing cool down very seriously. After the arm adapts and the athlete progresses to a higher velocity ceiling, recovery becomes the most crucial aspect of the program.  As a result, weekly maintenance must continue in order to ensure strength speed and re-patterned mechanics don’t regress.  A complete and individually customized warm-up and post-throwing routine for every pitcher is an integral part of programming.  It mush be 100% adhered to in order to prepare pitchers for the next session.

Strength and Conditioning Program – Our strength program for pitchers is 100% designed around the pitcher and is highly specialized and customized for each pitcher’s strengths and imbalances.  It is the cornerstone of our programming and every pitcher must participate in it.  The program is a complete top to bottom protocol with a focus on further developing movement (mobility) and functional strength to help improve overall pitching mechanics and performance on the mound.  It is designed to go hand-in-hand with our Throwing Program and it’s completely correlated.


The reality is that every pitcher is different in every way and each needs a different approach to developing their strength and power.  Our programming takes pitchers out of their comfort zone and trains them in all three planes of motion, sagittal, frontal and transverse.  100% of our programming reflects the rotational yet linear aspect of the sport and it’s 100% designed for pitchers.  The following provides a brief summary of our weekly training program:

  • Upper /Lower Body strength training
  • Tri-planar core development
  • Movement (eccentric, concentric power development)
  • Energy System Work (specific to game-time performance and time of year)

Please click here if you would like additional information on the strength training component of the program.

Recovery – When talking about a complete or comprehensive training or throwing program, the conversation has to begin and end with “recovery”.  Fatigue is the enemy of mechanics. In other words, when an area of the body is fatigued or sore, movement is compromised throughout the entire chain, causing a negative effect on bio-mechanics and increasing the risk of injury. Being that throwing is a repetitive movement, along with it comes the possibility of overuse injuries.  By expediting the recovery process immediately following a workout or bullpen you:

  • Reduce muscle fatigue or soreness
  • Help maintain pitching bio-mechanics
  • Enhance future performance
  • Reduce the risk of injury

Active Recovery is an integral part of our programming and EMS (Electronic Muscle Stimulation) was designed for just this.  Please click here for more info.

In addition, upon request our pitchers can also take advantage of manual therapy.  The majority of pitchers need work on soft tissue quality. After throwing, the posterior cuff can get tight causing the arm to lose as much as 10 degrees of IR, even after a single outing or a 30-count bullpen. If soft tissue work is neglected this lack of mobility can become cumulative over the course of a season, greatly inhibiting the ability to decelerate or slow the arm down after ball release.  Please click here for additional info.

“There are NO shortcuts to velocity…

It takes hard work and commitment.”

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